Tuesday, February 12, 2013


by sceptical

(This is the final segment in a series of chronologies about the Crystal Mangum/ Mike Nifong rape hoax and attempted frame-up of the 2006 Duke lacrosse team. When I began researching and writing the first part in early 2009 I had no idea this project would consume nearly four years. I have decided to conclude the chronology after the “innocent” declaration by Atty. Gen. Roy Cooper in April 2007. While there have been many subsequent events, most notably Nifong’s trial and disbarment and the ongoing civil lawsuits, that day marked the end of the beginning of the Duke Lacrosse Case saga.)

(Throughout the last four years, I have been fortunate to have an informal board of reviewers who have looked at the final drafts to make additions, corrections, and suggestions. I would like to thank bloggers Quasi, Baldo, JSwift, Q.A,  and Payback for reviewing some or all of the chronologies. I do plan to update the entire series in the future after any access we have to depositions,j and after any trials in the civil lawsuits. There are still many unanswered questions)

MONDAY APRIL 2: An article in Newsday quotes prominent North Carolina African-American politician Floyd McKissick, Jr. as being critical of Durham District Attorney Mike Nifong, whom he supported in the past. McKissick is chairman of the ruling Durham Democratic Party.
 "The African-American community of Durham wants fairness, and the view is that if Mr. Nifong was not fair in this case, what's he going to be like in other cases?" said Floyd McKissick, a prominent African-American lawyer who is chairman of the Durham Democratic Party and a Duke Law School graduate. McKissick supported the DA for re-election, but has become increasingly concerned about allegations that Nifong misused his office in the case.

Brooklyn College Prof. KC Johnson in his blog “Durham-in-Wonderland” analyzes the role that Judge Ronald Stephen played in prolonging and inflaming the case against former Duke lacrosse players Dave Evans, Reade Seligmann, and Collin Finnerty: 

One of the two people who recommended Mike Nifong to Governor Easley, Judge Ron Stephens appeared at six critical junctures in the lacrosse case. At each stage, he made decisions that appeared questionable at the time, dubious in retrospect, and deeply troubling when viewed in totality.”

TUESDAY APRIL 3: The North Carolina State Bar announces that a hearing on a motion to dismiss ethics charges against DA Nifong will be held on April 13, 2007. Nifong’s attorneys are trying to get charges dropped.  Nifong is scheduled to stand trial before the State Bar on June 12. 

Blogger John-in-Carolina writes an open letter to Duke Vice President Larry Moneta about the “Wanted” and “Vigilante” posters which appeared on the Duke campus in March 2006 following the revelation of Crystal Mangum’s accusations, later proved false, that she had been raped at a lacrosse team party. Moneta was at a March 26, 2006 meeting with lacrosse parents where a request was made to remove players’ photos from the goduke.com website. These photos were later used in the posters. John in Carolina asks when the photos were removed, and if Duke knows who pulled them for the posters.

WEDNESDAY APRIL 4: The CBS television program “60 Minutes” today receives a prestigious Peabody Award for its broadcast on the Duke lacrosse case. The Peabody website states: “A "60 Minutes" team led by correspondent Ed Bradley delved into the allegations of rape against Duke University lacrosse players and stopped a prosecutorial rush to judgment in its tracks.”

In an AP story titled “Once-Eventful Duke Lacrosse Case has Become A Waiting Game,”  Aaron Beard  reveals that the special prosecutors in the case are continuing interviews of witnesses and are scheduled to meet with accuser Crystal Mangum.

“Cooper's spokeswoman, Noelle Talley, said Wednesday the state's review is ongoing.
"Our attorneys are conducting additional interviews this week, including meeting with the accuser," she said...”

The North Carolina Senate unanimously approves a bill to make it easier to remove DAs or judges who have been disbarred. The governor would declare a judgeship or district attorney's post vacant when the judicial official is disbarred or suspended from practicing law, if the measure is enacted. The legislation was filed in response to the case of a District Court judge who lost his law license. But the bill could also affect DA Nifong if he is suspended or disbarred. The measure, which now goes to the House for consideration, would apply only after the judicial officer's appeals before the State Bar have been exhausted. Once the position is declared vacant, the governor could appoint a replacement.

In an blogpost,  Prof. William Anderson writes an open letter to North Carolina Attorney General Roy Cooper: “You have had nearly three months, and I hear that the basic legwork is over. All that is left for you to do is to face the cameras and face the music. This will be your moment. You have a choice: you can lie, or you can tell the truth. I will urge you in no uncertain terms: tell the truth. You will not regret it.” Anderson urges Cooper to drop the charges, apologize to the three former lacrosse players, and investigate the actions of DA Nifong and Judge Ronald Stephens.  

FRIDAY APRIL 6: On the first anniversary of the publication of the so-called “Listening Statement” ad in the Duke Chronicle signed by 88 Duke faculty members, KC Johnson writes in a blogpost titled “Continued Group of 88 Mysteries” that a number of questions about the controversial ad remain unanswered. These include whether it was paid out of departmental funds and whether the departments listed as signatories actually voted to do so. Blogger John-in-Carolina also explores questions about the funding of the ad.
DA Nifong’s lawyer David Freedman appears on NBC’s “Today” show and is interviewed by host Matt Lauer. “I believe if he [Nifong] handled it again, he would not make all the statements that he did,” Freedman tells Lauer. The lawyer also says Nifong would deal with the DNA evidence differently. He denies that Nifong pursued the case to pander to Durham’s African-American community, whose votes helped elect him DA last May. “We steadfastly deny that. At no time did he do those things to pander to the community,” Freedman claims, adding that Nifong had worked 29 years as an assistant in the DA’s office and had been appointed to the DA post. The state Attorney General’s office has taken over the investigation and is expected to rule soon on whether to continue the case. Freedman asserts that Nifong “has no interest at this point” in what the attorney general decides. “He has no personal interest. He’s very professional,” Freedman says of his client. “Whatever the attorney general’s office does with the case he’s fine with. He trusts their judgment. “

SATURDAY APRIL 7: Duke junior attackman Zack Greer scores three of his game-high six goals during a 5-1 Duke run midway through the game and the Blue Devil lacrosse team holds off a late-game rally by Johns Hopkins to earn an 11-9 win in Baltimore. The win is the fourth straight for Duke, which improves to 9-2. Hopkins drops its third straight and falls to 4-4.

SUNDAY APRIL 8:  Duke lacrosse players Bo Carrington and Steve Schoeffel speak out in interviews for an article in the Charlottesville Daily Progress. They talk “about the experience of becoming villains in the eyes of their peers - and many people across the country - as well as traveling the long journey back to the lacrosse field and a return to something close to normalcy.”  The players both call for an apology from Duke for how the team and their former coach, Mike Pressler, was treated by the University:
“For Carrington and Schoeffel, a true happy ending would include more than just a national championship. The two players still feel burned by school officials, who have not apologized to the team for the way things were handled last spring. "It's something that we've asked for," Schoeffel said of an apology from the Duke administration. "It's not like we've been waiting for them and we've been passive. We've actually asked and said: 'This is something you can do for us. We would appreciate this and it would go far for us.'" The Blue Devils have heard nothing but silence. [Duke Vice President John] Burness said the administration has no plans to issue an apology. "We're sensitive to the fact that [Carrington and Schoeffel] and others believe that an apology is appropriate," Burness said. "That has not yet been determined to be the position of the university."”
Duke Engineering Prof. Michael Gustafson comments in his blog that lacrosse players such as Bo Carrington were personally vilified on campus in Spring 2006 because their photos were available on a Duke website even after the players requested the photos be removed, and then on a “Wanted” poster derived from them:
Bo Carrington's experience above, along with the experiences of other members on the team, go to show that the university, through its not having taken down the GoDuke.com pictures in a timely manner after receiving a request to do so, and through its not actively removing the "Vigilante" posters from campus, and allegedly through there being university employees who distributed materials that led to an unsafe and hostile environment for some of our students (for example, handing out various posters and chant sheets, or creating an address list of the lacrosse families, or sending a message to an open forum that a particular student should be discredited if at all possible), did not fulfill its obligations to those students.”
MONDAY APRIL 9: A column written by Steven Marcus for Newsday quotes Duke VP John Burness refusing to apologize to the lacrosse team members: "We're expecting that there's probably going to be civil suits from folks trying to get money out of us, that comes with the turf." Burness said there is a segment of the population that has asked him if Duke will apologize to the players if their legal problems disappear. "I said," Burness replied, "for what?"

TUESDAY  APRIL 10:  Numerous news organizations state that sexual assault charges again fomer Duke lacrosse players Evans, Finnerty, and Seligmann will soon be dropped. Lara Setrakian of ABC News reports that sources in the NC Attorney General’s office say that all charges will be dropped against the three and that there will be an announcement tomorrow. According to Jerralyn Merritt of  the Talk Left blog: “Tomorrow appears to be the day the North Carolina Attorney General's office will announce its decision on whether to drop or proceed with sexual assault charges against the three former Duke lacrosse players. Smart money says the case will be dismissed. Two of the defendants, Reade Seligman and Collin Finnerty traveled to Durham today, and the press is swarming around. “

WRAL reports that one of the three accused former Duke players arrives at Raleigh-Durham International Airport this afternoon. Reade Seligmann and his family arrive just after 3 p.m. on a flight from Newark, N.J. They have no comment. Defense attorney Wade Smith tells WRAL that the families of all three suspects—Seligmann, Collin Finnerty and David Evans—have remained hopeful and are cautiously optimistic that charges could be dropped. Evans and Finnerty are also expected to arrive soon in Raleigh. National network news crews, including CBS News, are converging on Raleigh today in anticipation of a development. "If and when the attorney general's office makes an announcement, Raleigh-Durham will be ground zero for national news media," CBS News correspondent Byron Pitts notes. The N&O later confirms that all three have come to Raleigh for the expected announcement tomorrow.

The Associated Press reports today that Kevin Finnerty says in an earlier interview that it has not gotten any easier for his family in the year since his son Collin was accused of sexually assaulting a stripper. They know Collin could face a long prison sentence if convicted -- a prospect they consider unthinkable. But there is little they can do now but wait for state prosecutors, who took over the case earlier this year from DA Nifong, to decide whether to drop the charges or bring their 20-year-old son and his teammates to trial. "We've never been through anything like this," Kevin Finnerty says in a telephone interview from his home in Garden City, N.Y. "This is our son's life at stake, and it's just not over until it's over. I would say that we know that we have the truth on our side and from the outset we've felt the truth will prevail.”  Finnerty adds, "The waiting process is wearing us down emotionally. We take comfort in the fact that these prosecutors are searching for the truth. And that's different from how we felt before their involvement." In the past year, Collin Finnerty has worked as a volunteer with children who lost family in the terrorist attacks of September 11 while also taking courses at Hofstra University. He is currently working as a volunteer assistant lacrosse coach at his alma mater, Chaminade High School.
Prof. KC Johnson updates his case narrative which summarizes events in the lacrosse case from October, 2006 (his first summary) to the present.

WEDNESDAY APRIL 11: State prosecutors today dismiss all charges against the three defendants in the Duke lacrosse sexual assault case, and North Carolina Attorney General Roy Cooper declares the three former students “innocent.” "There is insufficient evidence to proceed on any of the charges," Cooper says at a news conference that attracts national media attention. "The result is these cases are over." The announcement marks the end of the 13-month criminal case launched against Evans, Finnerty and Seligmann after Crystal Mangum alleged she was gang-raped for 30 minutes during an off-campus party in the early-morning hours of March 14, 2006. Although sexual assault victims often provide varying accounts of a traumatic experience, Cooper says, the statements made by Mangum varied too much and there was no other evidence to support her story of an assault. "The inconsistencies were so significant and so contrary to the evidence that we have no credible evidence that an attack occurred at that house on that night," Cooper says, adding that the photo identification lineup was flawed and no DNA evidence linked the players to the women. Cooper calls the pursuit of the case "a tragic rush to accuse and a failure to verify serious allegations." Without naming DA Nifong, he comes down against "overreaching prosecutors" and calls for a law that would allow the state Supreme Court to remove a district attorney from a case whenever such a move would assist the pursuit of justice. "There were many points in this case where caution would have served justice better than bravado," Cooper asserts. "In the rush to condemn, a community and a state lost the ability to see clearly. Regardless of the reasons that this case was pushed forward, the result was wrong." Mangum likely still believes the sexual assault allegation and wanted to proceed with the case, Cooper states. He says criminal charges wouldn't be pursued against her. "Our investigators, who talked with her over a period of time, think that she may actually believe the many different stories that she has been telling," Cooper says. "And in reviewing the whole history -- there are records under seal that I'm not going to talk about … -- we decided it's in the best interest of the justice system not to bring charges." (See video in References)

Finnerty, Seligmann and Evans watch Cooper's news conference with their families and attorneys at a downtown Raleigh hotel. When the decision to drop the charges is announced and Cooper states they are “innocent,” there is an audible gasp in the room, and the players and their families begin to sob. "Don't expect us to be happy," defense attorney Joseph Cheshire states later. "We're angry, very angry. But we're relieved." Cheshire says the players were needlessly berated and ridiculed for months. "These men were, are and always will be innocent," he says. "They have been mistreated as badly as any group of people I have ever seen." Later the three and their attorneys hold a press conference at which friends applaud, dozens of teammates cheer, and their parents look on with pride. However, the three former lacrosse players insist there is nothing to celebrate, and they lash out at both DA Nifong and reporters who asserted they were guilty. "For everyone who chose to speak out against us before any of the facts were known, I truly hope that you are never put in a position where you have to experience the same pain and heartache that you have caused our families," states Seligmann. "It's been 395 days since this nightmare began, and now it's finally come to closure," Evans says. "We're just as innocent today as we were back then."  "This entire experience has opened my eyes up to a tragic world of injustice I never knew existed," Seligmann explains. "If police officers and a district attorney can systematically railroad us with absolutely no evidence whatsoever, I can't imagine what they would do to people do not have the resources to defend themselves.”  All three former defendants call for change in the state's legal system, specifically a checks and balance system for district attorneys and in favor of recording of grand jury hearings. (See videos and texts of statements by Evans, Finnerty and Seligmann in References)
Thirty-eight of 41 members of the 2007 men's lacrosse team and all 31 women's players attend the  press conference held by the formerly accused and their attorneys. In a show of solidarity for their friends and former teammates, the Blue Devils stood at the rear of a gaggle of reporters and television cameras. "This isn't a day to gloat or celebrate, it's much more one of relief," co-captain Ed Douglas tells the Chronicle earlier. "It's more of a sign in recognition that, finally, this has passed us." Sitting on a bus as they travelled to the former defendants' press conference in Raleigh, the members of the men's and women's teams listened intently to Cooper's address over the radio. "When everyone was listening, it was kind of just like shoulders back and a deep breath like, 'Finally, finally, it happened,'" Matt Danowski relates. "We thought it should have been over Day One, but there were so many curveballs and so much going on that you never knew if it was actually going to happen.... Finally there's some completion to it."

Numerous officials issue comments today following the dismissal of charges in the Duke lacrosse case. Mike Pressler, who under pressure resigned his position as coach of the Duke team last year when the charges were filed and who now coaches at Bryant University, says, "Today is the celebration of the two words we’ve attached our lives to for almost 13 months – the truth. It is the same truth today as it was a year ago. Our story has not changed and today’s announcement is long, long overdue." At Duke, President Richard Brodhead issues a statement saying, "I join with everyone who cares about justice in welcoming the North Carolina State Attorney General’s announcement that the remaining charges have been dropped." He claims, “From the outset, I have been careful to note that these students were entitled to the presumption of innocence, and I looked to the legal system to determine the merit of the charges." Duke, he says, "won’t be afraid to go back and learn what we can from this difficult experience." From the state NAACP offices, President William J. Barber II issues a statement saying, "We respect the integrity of the Attorney General’s investigation and supported the involvement of special prosecutors. If his office believes the state lacks sufficient evidence to convince a jury beyond a reasonable doubt that all the elements of each crime took place, then it is the State’s constitutional duty to dismiss the charges. We trust that the SBI has left no stone unturned in the investigation of this case."
Robert Steel, chairman of the Duke Board of Trustees, issues an important statement emphasizing that President Brodhead’s actions in the lacrosse case had the support of the Trustees. He reiterates Duke’s strategy of deferring to the legal system, even when it became apparent that normal legal procedures had not been followed.
“Much as we wish that these three young men, their teammates and their families -- and indeed the whole community of people who love Duke -- could have been spared the agony of the past year, we believe that it was essential for the University to defer to the criminal justice system. As imperfect and flawed as it may be, it is that process that brings us today to this resolution.
Throughout the past year President Richard Brodhead consulted regularly with the Trustees and has had our continuing support. He made considered and thoughtful decisions in a volatile and uncertain situation. Each step of the way, the board agreed with the principles that he established and the actions he took. As we look back -- and with the benefit of what we now know -- there is no question that there are some things that might have been done differently. However, anyone critical of President Brodhead should be similarly critical of the entire board.”
THURSDAY APRIL 12: DA Nifong issues a statement “apologizing” to the three lacrosse players declared innocent by Atty. Gen. Cooper but not admitting he had done anything wrong. ''To the extent that I made judgments that ultimately proved to be incorrect, I apologize to the three students that were wrongly accused,'' Nifong writes in a three-paragraph statement. ''I also understand that when someone has been wrongly accused, the harm caused by the accusations might not be immediately undone merely by dismissing them,'' Nifong states. ''It is my sincere desire that the actions of Attorney General Cooper will serve to remedy any remaining injury that has resulted from these cases.'' The apology is rebuffed by lawyers for the former students, whose families are seeking Nifong's ouster and considering suing him for damages. The NC State Bar has formally accused Nifong of numerous ethical violations. ''I still haven't heard him admit he did anything wrong,'' says James P. Cooney III, a lawyer for Seligmann. ''I think the most concrete way he could apologize to everybody is to resign his office.'' Nifong says he supported the dismissal of the sexual offense and kidnapping charges based on new evidence the attorney general had gathered in a three-month review. He objects to being called ''rogue'' and ''unchecked.'' He also takes credit for having turned over the case for review by the attorney general. ''If I did not want to subject either that investigation or my own performance to such scrutiny -- if, in other words, I had anything to hide -- I could have simply dismissed the cases myself,'' he writes.  Blogger KC Johnson analyzes what he calls the “false apology.”
North Carolina U.S.Congressman Walter Jones renews his call for a federal investigation into DA Nifong and the way he handled the lacrosse case. Jones in December asked the U.S. Department of Justice to review the case, saying Nifong made prejudicial statements to the media and told police to violate identification procedures. The Justice Department declined to intervene, saying it was more appropriate to allow the case to play out. Federal attorneys also note that Nifong already faces ethics charges from the North Carolina State Bar. "“In light of North Carolina Attorney General Roy Cooper’s dismissal of all criminal charges against the three men, it is clear that this matter now cries out for oversight," Jones writes in an April 11 letter to the Justice Department. “I again urge you to launch a federal investigation to review Mr. Nifong’s conduct to determine if it constitutes prosecutorial misconduct and has denied these students their civil rights as U.S. citizens under federal law.” Jones states that at least eight other members of Congress also have called for a federal investigation of Nifong.
An analysis of the lacrosse case by the N&O’s Samiha Khanna asserts that it was accuser Crystal Mangum’s inconsistency and contradictions in her own statements that brought the case against the former Duke lacrosse players to an end yesterday:

“But her words, leaked slowly over the past year, also helped seal the fate of the case dismissed Wednesday by the office of state Attorney General Roy Cooper. "No DNA confirms the accuser's story," Cooper said at a news conference. "No other witness confirms her story. Other evidence contradicts her story. She contradicts herself." Since she leveled her accusations, Mangum, 28, has given at least six documented versions of what happened. She won't face charges of filing a false police report, Cooper said. "Our investigators ... think that she may actually believe the many different stories that she has been telling," he said. (…) Through her statements during the past year, Mangum has contradicted herself and at times, misrepresented her past. The wavering recollections, embellishments and muddied timelines provided by Mangum undermined her credibility. Piece by piece the criminal case that Durham District Attorney Mike Nifong built against the players -- Collin Finnerty, Dave Evans and Reade Seligmann -- collapsed.”

The Duke Chronicle calls for DA Nifong to be disbarred based on his actions in the lacrosse case.

“Nifong has lacked both ethical professionalism and competency in prosecuting this case and has done irreparable harm to his credibility. As a result, he is certainly unable to act as a chief legal official in Durham. Moreover, his track record demonstrates that Nifong has not and will not be able to fairly practice the law in the future. While we think the proper and full investigation of his conduct should proceed, we also believe that the outcome of that investigation is clear. Given his actions during the past year and the commentary of his peers in the profession, Mike Nifong can no longer be Durham's district attorney and should be disbarred.”
ABC’s Terry Moran writes a blogpost “Don’t Feel Too Sorry for the Dukies.” 

“They got special treatment in the justice system–both negative and positive. The conduct of the lacrosse team of which they were members was not admirable on the night of the incident, to say the least. And there are so many other victims of prosecutorial misconduct in this country who never get the high-priced legal representation and the high-profile, high-minded vindication that it strikes me as just a bit unseemly to heap praise and sympathy on these particular men. So as we rightly cover the vindication of these young men and focus on the genuine ordeal they have endured, let us also remember a few other things: They were part of a team that collected $800 to purchase the time of two strippers. Their team specifically requested at least one white stripper. During the incident, racial epithets were hurled at the strippers. Collin Finnerty was charged with assault in Washington, DC, in 2005. The young men were able to retain a battery of top-flight attorneys, investigators and media strategists.”

FRIDAY APRIL 13: After a public hearing attended by DA Nifong and his attorney, the North Carolina State Bar denies a motion by Nifong to drop ethics charges against him for his actions  in the Duke lacrosse case. The hearing concerns one of three charges against Nifong—that he had withheld DNA evidence exonerating the three indicted players. The Disciplinary Hearing Committee chaired by F. Lane Williamson hears arguments by Nifong attorney Dudley Witt and State Bar prosecutor Katherine Jean. After the one-hour hearing, Williamson and the other two committee members deny the motion to dismiss.

An N&O article by Craig Jarvis outlines accuser Crystal Mangum’s past emotional and social difficulties
“The 28-year-old woman has struggled with poverty, alcohol abuse and psychological instability. In recent years she turned to therapists for help with bipolar disorder and other mental problems and took anti-psychotic medication (…) In the past year Crystal Mangum has disappeared into the shadows. In the beginning, authorities put her up in a safe house -- a sprawling townhouse complex on Chapel Hill Street -- but she has reportedly stayed in several friends' and relatives' homes in the Triangle since then. She has dropped out of NCCU. She is living off welfare and child-support payments but probably hasn't been dancing because she was pregnant most of the past year. Her mother says a lawyer may have helped her out with money to live on.”

George Washington University Law Prof. John Banzhaf suggests  Duke University should consider suing DA Mile Nifong as a consequence of his actions in the Duke lacrosse case and also should call for Nifong’s resignation. "A DA with a clear grudge against Duke, who probably would like nothing better than to try to vindicate himself in the eyes of many of the voters by bringing a successful criminal proceeding against one or more Duke students, and who has shown a willingness to violate their legal and constitutional rights if necessary to do so, is a clear and present danger to every student on the Duke campus, and a risk that Duke can ignore only at its peril," says Banzhaf.

The Durham Herald-Sun, which long was a supporter of DA Nifong, switches its position and calls on him to resign in an editorial today.

“But Cooper's simple statement cut to the heart of prosecutorial misconduct. Nifong, he said, pressed on with the case without a credible witness or credible evidence. To hear that about a prosecutor with 28 years of experience was shocking. It is bound to raise questions about what other cases have been pursued improperly by the Durham DA's office. How many defendants without the resources to hire energetic attorneys have been sent quietly off to prison? Nifong has been seriously damaged by his own actions, by the charges from the State Bar and now from Cooper's report. His problems could cause ripples through other cases being handled by the Durham DA's office. As a result, we think it will be impossible for Nifong to continue as Durham district attorney.
It's time for him to resign.”

SATURDAY APRIL 14:  The N&O publishes the first installment of a major five-part series by investigative reporter Joe Neff summarizing the Duke lacrosse case. The first article, which describes DA Nifong’s background and mode of operation, reveals:

“Mike Nifong found out about the case that now threatens his career March 23, 2006, when he stopped by the office copier and found a court order demanding DNA samples from 46 Duke lacrosse players. An escort service dancer told police that three men at a team party had dragged her into a bathroom and raped her anally, vaginally and orally for 30 minutes, according to the order. The Durham district attorney's reaction, he later told lawyer Jim Cooney: "Holy crap, what is going on?"The next day, Nifong told Durham police he was taking over (…)

When Nifong called [political campaign organizer Jackie] Brown in the fall of 2005, looking for a campaign manager, Brown had never heard of the prosecutor. This was unusual for an insider who's well-connected with Durham's political organizations. Brown agreed to meet him for lunch Jan. 2, 2006, at the downtown Marriott near the courthouse. Nifong showed up with his wife, Cy Gurney. As the women ate Caesar salads and Nifong tended to a steak sandwich, Gurney did most of the talking. Brown was struck by the first words out of Nifong's mouth."He said, 'I really don't want this job; I was the last one on the list. I just need three years and seven months for retirement. You won't have to worry about running another campaign for me.' "Brown was taken aback: Did Nifong, then 55, really want to go through the hassle of a campaign? "He said, 'I know nothing about politics. That's why I need you to be campaign manager.' "

In an analysis on April 19, after the conclusion of the series, KC Johnson lists 20 new revelations from Neff’s reporting.

President Brodhead says in a speech to alumni during reunion weekend that Duke administrators tried to handle the fallout from the lacrosse case as honorably as they . could.  Brodhead states, "But I also do think it also time for us to look each other in the eye and say we have suffered this story for a year, and now let us figure out how to move on to a constructive future." The president's speech in Page Auditorium includes a question-and-answer session that saw graduates press Brodhead to say what administrators had learned from the lacrosse incident -- and to say that some of the school's problems could have been avoided had Duke officials more forcefully advocated for the presumption of innocence. Brodhead praises Cooper for choosing to announce the dismissal of the charges Wednesday with "absolutely the most unambiguous language to say that there never had been a case to be made in this case." He also joins the attorney general in saying that Nifong had led people astray by lying about the facts of the case. "As we look back we now know something that was not so clear then, which was how much of the certainty had derived from the statements of the district attorney, starting in the earliest days of that story, who really did speak without any hesitation or reservation about the certainty that the crime in question had taken place," Brodhead says. "Later, we all learned to have many doubts about that, but at the time people don't usually have such doubts about district attorneys, so we were off to the races.”  He claims that, "We had to respond to a situation of great emotional intensity, great uncertainty. I always took care on every occasion to make clear that no act we did was intended as a judgment of the students or of the guilt of the students." Brodhead defended his decision to cancel the lacrosse team's 2006 season. "If you were in Durham last April, in a time which every TV show in America, every newspaper in America had really played this up to the heights of hysteria -- as I say, hysterical certainty -- it was just completely implausible to say we could continue to play lacrosse under those circumstances," he said. "It would have been physically dangerous for the members of our team to have done so. This was very, very well known to them at the time."

SUNDAY APRIL 15: The CBS television show “60 Minutes” features interviews with the three exonerated lacrosse players and NC Atty. Gen. Roy Cooper. According to the CBS summary of the broadcast:
"We had heard that he might say, as we refer to it now, as the "i" word – innocent. But when he first said there's insufficient evidence to go forward, we were saying, 'Oh my God,'" remembers David Evans."Because he didn't say it right away?" Stahl remarks.
"He didn't say it, and then all of a sudden, there's this crescendo, and you can see where he was going with his speech," Evans explains."I never heard 'innocent' because everyone in the room jumped up and starting cheering," Evans adds, referring to the moment State Attorney General Cooper made the announcement that all remaining charges had been dropped.
"We were waiting for it from the very beginning. And the moment he did it, I completely broke down. I don't even remember who I ended up hugging. Everyone was jumping up and down and we knew then that was when we got our lives back," Reade Seligmann said to Stahl. […]
"All of this was a tragedy because it should have been stopped somewhere along the line. Good prosecutors, we demand them to look hard at the facts, look hard at the law. We also demand them to change their minds if the facts so dictate," Cooper says. "Here, these contractions were clearly pointing to the fact that this attack did not occur. And it's disappointing and really outrageous that it was not stopped sooner." […]
But the attorney general also announced he would not press charges against her [Mangum] for filing false police reports. "Is the decision purely about her mental state or did you also take into account what this might do to this community which was already roiled in racial tension? Were you afraid that it would exacerbate more racial tension?" Stahl asks Cooper. "We did consider it. We did talk about it. But we think in the best interest of justice, that it was not the right thing to do," Cooper says.
 The second of a five-part series by the N&O’s Joe Neff is published today. Titled
“A case starts to unravel,” Neff lays out how DA Nifong refused contact with the lacrosse players’ lawyers and declined to examine exculpatory evidence after DNA results came back negative. Neff also notes the prior relationship between Nifong and accuser Crystal Mangum’s family:
“Nifong didn't tell [attorney Bill] Thomas that he knew Mangum and her family. In 1992, one of her uncles who owned a small grocery store in Durham was slain in a robbery. The case dragged on for three years, but finally the killer was tried and convicted. Nifong was the prosecutor, and the case earned him the Mangum family's confidence, which would have helped Crystal Mangum feel comfortable with Nifong in the Duke case, according to her mother, her brother and a family friend. "The whole family knew him and trusted him because of that case," said Delois Burnette, a minister who has known the Mangums for decades. "People had confidence in him that he would do us right because he had prosecuted that case."

Prof.  KC Johnson writes about media scorn for the exonerated former lacrosse players in an opinion article for ABC News, for which he served as a consultant:

“ The reaction from some major news organizations to this [innocence] announcement was startling. While not challenging Cooper's actions, the Boston Globe labeled Evans, Seligmann and Finnerty "louts." Columnist Dan Shanoff called them "douchebags." The Washington Post clucked that the three players "were not paragons of virtue," and that "some of the players -- though not necessarily the three accused students -- made racially derogatory remarks to the accuser and the other dancer who accompanied her." (Actually, the second dancer, Kim Roberts, unequivocally stated that Evans said nothing derogatory to her, while Seligmann and Finnerty both proved they had left the party well before the racially charged argument occurred.) "Nightline" co-host Terry Moran told people not to "feel sorry for the Dukies," noting that "they are very differently situated in life from, say, the young women of the Rutgers University women's basketball team," and, "there are many, many cases of prosecutorial misconduct across our country every year." Such comments are cold-hearted at best and shameless at worst.”
Peter Applebome of the New York Times also explores hatred on the part of academics and others for the Duke lacrosse players:
“How did college kids with no shortage of character witnesses become such a free-fire zone for the correct thinkers in academia, the news media and the socially conscious left? Like l’affaire Imus in reverse, why did denouncing them remain fair game long after it was clear that the charges against them could not be true, and that even most of the misbehavior originally alleged about the team party was distorted or false? “That’s what I keep asking,” said Ed Abbot, the mayor of this village where the Seligmanns live, and a longtime friend of the family. “People had racial agendas, economic agendas, media-driven agendas, and who these boys were got totally lost. You feel like you’re in the middle of the forest screaming and no one can hear.”
Bishop John Bennett, a Durham preacher who voiced criticism of the handling of the Duke lacrosse investigation from the beginning, now says the system failed and the truth might never be known. Bennett had led in March, 2006 a vigil gathered for prayer and called for justice outside of the house where Crystal Mangum claimed she was sexually assaulted by three Duke lacrosse players. "One of the main reasons why we held a rally (was) because there was no due process,” says Bennett, who led several such vigils. At the time, Bennett criticized Durham police for not making an arrest when the allegations first surfaced. One year later, he says he still believes that was the biggest mistake in the case. “I do believe that something out of the ordinary did happen in that house,” he asserts. “I'm not saying it was rape. I'm not necessarily saying it was them.”
Lisa Keys of the New York Post reviews a list of whom she describes as the “tormentors” of the lacrosse players in an article titled “Victims of a Witch Hunt.”
The Raleigh News & Observer joins in the call for DA Nifong to resign in an editorial published today:
“Under the circumstances, Nifong ought to consider whether to remain in the office to which he was elected last fall for a four-year term. If the State Bar relieves him of his license, that obviously will become a moot point. But even if any disciplinary steps fall well short of that penalty, it's hard to see how the district attorney can continue to function effectively. His resignation now would serve the public interest.”
April 2: McKissick criticizes Nifong
April 2: Role of Judge Ronald Stephens
April 3: John in Carolina about “Wanted” and “Vigilante” posters
April 4: “60 Minutes” wins Peabody award for coverage of case
April 6: 1st Anniversary of “Listening Statement” ad signed by 88 Duke faculty members
April 6: Nifong lawyer David Freedman defends him on NBC’s Today show
April 7: Duke lacrosse defeats Johns Hopkins
April 8: Lacrosse players Bo Carrington and Steve Schoeffel speak out in interviews
April 8: Prof. Mike Gustafson on Carrington & Schoeffel interviews
April 9: Newsday column quotes VP John Burness
April 10: Decision expected soon in lacrosse case
April 10: Reade Seligmann and family arrive at RDU Airport

April 10: AP interviews Kevin Finnerty

April 10, 11:  KC Johnson’s Case Narrative
April 11: Atty. Gen. Cooper declares the Duke Three “innocent” and drops charges
April 11: Video of Cooper news conference
April 11: Video of former lacrosse players’ news conference
April 11: Texts of statements by Evans, Finnerty, Seligmann at news conference
April 11: Current lacrosse team members attend press conference
April 11: Reaction to dismissal of charges in Duke lacrosse case
April 11: Statement by Robert Steel, chairman of Duke Board of Trustees
April 12: Nifong apologizes to exonerated lacrosse players
April 12: Rep. Walter Jones renews call for federal investigation
April 12: N&0 analysis of Mangum’s contradictory statements
April 12: Duke Chronicle calls for Nifong disbarment
April 12: ABC’s Terry Moran criticizes lacrosse team
April 13: State Bar denies motion to dismiss ethics charge against Nifong
April 13: N&0 analysis of Mangum’s emotional and social difficulties
April 13: GWU Law Prof. John Banzhaf suggests Duke sue Nifong
April 13: Herald-Sun calls on DA Nifong to resign
April 14:  Joe Neff’s investigation of Duke lacrosse case: Part 1 about DA Nifong
April 14: Duke President Brodhead addresses lacrosse case with alumni
April 15: “60 Minutes” interviews exonerated lacrosse players, NC attorney general
April 15: Joe Neff’s investigation of Duke lacrosse case: Nifong refuses exculpatory evidence
April 15: KC Johnson on media scorn for exonerated players
April 15: Peter Applebome of NewYork Times on hate for Duke lacrosse players
April 15: Bishop Bennett says system failed in lacrosse case
April 15: Lisa Keys of New York Post on “tormentors” of the lacrosse players
April 15: N&O calls on DA Nifong to resign
April 22: New York Times public editor on paper’s coverage of lacrosse case

(The Duke lacrosse case article indices in the Raleigh News & Observer and the Duke Chronicle have been taken down following website revisions. Articles can still be found using the search feature of the new websites.)




Duke University & Brodhead Statements

Duke University Archive of Media Coverage

Johnsville Blog Posts

WRAL Stories

KC Johnson’s Case Narrative

Chronology by Vance Holmes “Poetic Justice”

CBS News Chronology

AP Chronology

Wikipedia Timeline

Friends of Duke University Media Index


New York Times Article Index


Updated Chronology of Duke Lacrosse Case

March, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/1827748/1/

April, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/1976244/1/

May, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/2832366/1/

June, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/3225687/1/#new

July, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/3521836/1/#new

August, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/3710704/1/#new

September, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/3831060/1/#new

October, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/3993889/1/#new

November, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/4065500/1/#new

December, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/4162309/1/#new

January, 2007: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/4243432/2/#new

February, 2007: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/4512633/1/#new

March, 2007: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/4702968/1/#new
April 1-15, 2007: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/5000347/1/#new

Wednesday, April 11, 2012

Biggest Loser Club 5th Reunion

In a Bar named Blincos, The Reunion Group would meet
They huddled in a corner...their memories bittersweet
Once they had might and power, and better yet, respect.
Now they wore the Albatross of ..THEIR HOAX...around the neck.

Look, there's Sergeant Gottlieb...no longer in the loop.
Such..a copious note-taker...they made him Secretary of the Group.
And there sits Nursie Tara, her career path's not the same.
You may see her toting bed pans..but she'll never be a SANE.

They start dicussing lawsuits, the threat looms large and long.
Then Tara yells to Linwood "How 'bout a cheer up song?"
But when Linwood starts a-crooning of lost marriages and jobs
No one can understand him, as he struggles through his sobs.

So Nifong takes the moment, jumps up upon the Bar
(Just by sheer coincidence he brought the J4N guitar.)
"I was once so mighty, with the power of the State
Cheshire used to fear me....defense lawyers used to quake"

"The media's "rodeo cowboy"...yes, those were the days."
(Now he does the Nifong Choke...like Elvis with his cape)
He does a few more pelvic thrusts, then waits for some applause
But the audience just gapes at him, so Mikey takes a pause.

He sits down by Brian Meehan, EX-EXPERT of DNA
"Hey" says Nursie Tara" How 'bout a drinking game we play?
Let's say we have to chug-a-lug for every single thing we've lost!
Line up those foaming pitchers...nobody count the cost!"

Gottlieb yells to Meehan..."Any beer left down by you?"
Meehan looks to Nifong..."My Client tells me what is true."
Is that Brodhead cowering in the corner...in his usual Craven pose?
Lecturing on "moral courage" has added inches to his nose.

The evening passes slowly, too bad Crystal's still in jail.
But nobody's contributing...when they pass the Hat for bail.
It's not that they aren't caring, though money is quite tight.
But nobody who owns a knife, will host Mangum for the night.

Finally the bar is closing...Linwood says adieu.
His days are just exhausting...all that legal work to do.
Nifong can commiserate...his work just never stops.
Doing Cy's laundry, cleaning toilets, wringing mops.

They bid each other fond farewells...the world has no friendly port.
"See you at the depositions...see you next in court!"

Only Gottlieb lingers....strange...he is the last to go.
Claims he's meeting in the alley...some Cook he...used to know....

Thursday, March 15, 2012



By sceptical

(Thanks to Quasi, Q.A. and Baldo for their comments and suggestions.)

THURSDAY MARCH 1: In his “Durham-in-Wonderland” blog, Prof. KC Johnson of Brooklyn College discusses Durham District Attorney Mike Nifong’s Feb. 28, 2007 responses to misconduct charges by the North Carolina State Bar. Johnson notes that Nifong has given 8 different defenses to charges that Nifong conspired to withhold exculpatory DNA evidence, but the latest filing suggests additional explanations:
“Instead, Nifong offered three new lines of defense:
(a) He didn’t have to turn over any material until a trial date was set;
(b) The one-sided nature of the report is irrelevant, since Nifong knew he would have to turn over the underlying data, which is easily understood;
(c) The issue is irrelevant, since he wasn’t required to turn over a “complete report,” at any stage of the process.”
Other bloggers, including Michael Gaynor and John-in-Carolina, also analyze the Nifong filing.

Josh Perlin, in the Cornell Daily Sun, writes that Duke lacrosse defendant Reade Seligmann is being recruited by Brown University if charges against him are dropped, but that Perlin is happy Seligmann will not attend Cornell. In a column titled “Seligmann Not Worth Hassle,” Perlin says:
“Frankly, I’m tired of this case. I’m tired of all the leaked information about what did or did not happen. I’ve had enough of people taking one side or the other, the media blowing it out of proportion and generalizing the ramifications. I’m sick of the implications and everything else brought on by the media. Let’s wait for the trial, make sure justice is served and move on. But with all the baggage he brings, now is not the time to recruit Seligmann. I’m glad we’re not, and I hope Brown will reconsider.”

FRIDAY MARCH 2: The Raleigh News & Observer (N&O) reports that the Feb. 28, 2007 filing to the State Bar by DA Nifong reveals that Nifong and the police investigators in the Duke lacrosse case have different recollections of the first time they met at the Burlington laboratory that provided DNA testing. Durham police Sgt. Mark Gottlieb and Inv. Benjamin Himan each list in their case notes that they were at DNA Security on April 10, 2006, a week before indictments in the case. Himan writes that Nifong was present at the meeting with Brian Meehan, head of the lab. But in a Jan. 16, 2007 letter to the State Bar, Nifong says he could not recall the event, although he acknowledged that a meeting occurred. "I can only report that I have no recollection of that meeting and that I have no documentation or other evidence that I ever attended such a meeting," Nifong says in the Jan. 16 letter. Nifong's letter is revealed in the voluminous Feb. 28 filing to the State Bar. The timeline of Nifong's first meeting with Meehan could clarify when the prosecutor first learned of DNA evidence of men not on the Duke lacrosse team. In an earlier Dec. 28, 2006 letter to the bar, Nifong says his first meeting with Meehan was April 21, four days after the first indictments. It was then, Nifong states, that he learned of the presence of DNA on accuser Crystal Mangum's clothing and body from men other than the tested lacrosse players and the accuser's boyfriend. But in the Jan. 16 letter to the bar, Nifong writes about a May 12, 2006 meeting in which Meehan provided a report to the prosecution: "He also discussed with us the results of the tests he had performed since our April 10, 2006, meeting." Nifong asserts he did not see the test results as necessarily favorable to the defense: "They neither suggested that no assault took place nor that the assault was committed by someone else." In a December, 2006 hearing, Meehan acknowledged that he and Nifong agreed to exclude evidence in the initial DNA report. In his letters to the bar, Nifong says he did not intentionally withhold evidence nor did he mean to cause pretrial prejudice through the numerous interviews he gave to the news media between March 27 and April 3, 2006.

DA Nifong states in one of the letters to the State Bar he feared the bar was looking for a prosecutor to punish for the misdeeds of other prosecutors whose misconduct has recently come to light and who have gone largely unpunished. He offered several explanations for some of the problems that have arisen, one of which, he says, is that he had never before encountered such determined pretrial resistance. "A well-connected and well-financed (but not, I would suggest, well-intentioned) group of individuals -- most of whom are neither in nor from North Carolina, have taken it upon themselves to ensure that this case never reaches trial."

Jason Trumpbour of the group Friends of Duke University answers Nifong’s accusation:
“It is typical of Nifong's narcissism and grandiosity that he imagines himself confronted by giants. The reality is that we are a bunch of ordinary folks who had to shoulder the burden of speaking out against him ourselves because we got tossed out on our ear at Duke. Our group’s original purpose was to get Duke to speak out in defense of its students and they did not start doing that until late December. We are mostly funded out of our own pockets.”

SATURDAY MARCH 3: Michael McCusker in his “Crystal Mess” blog calls on DA Nifong to resign, arguing that the State Bar’s poor record of disciplining lawyers and prosecutors in previous cases will force the bar to make an example of Nifong’s misconduct:
“So, the disgraced Defendant Nifong should resign now. Because of the blog attention devoted to the Duke Hoax, millions of people, myself included, now know of the Gell Frame and the Bar's essential sanctioning of it. The Bar simply cannot act, or fail to act, in Matter of Nifong as it did in Matter of Hoke and Graves. It has made clear that it is going to bend him over. Stick a fork in Mikey's law license. He's done. Continued petulant defiance only hurts his position on the end of the plank, but he's just not wired to appreciate it. He's too stupid to see that he would be better served looking for another job, now.”

SUNDAY MARCH 4: The campus culture report released last week at Duke diagnoses an environment often dominated by white men, fraternities, sports and an alcohol-drenched social scene that promotes casual sex, according to an analysis in the N&O. To some, though, the report is a politically correct treatise by leftists intent on social engineering and a top-to-bottom remake of a great university, according to the N&O.
“After nine months of study, a campus committee is recommending 28 changes covering a wide range of topics: dorm space, dining halls, social life, athletics and what types of students are admitted. Duke President Richard Brodhead has said the recommendations will be considered but are not a done deal. For some, the question is: Does Duke need fixing? Not really, says Jason Trumpbour, who last year joined four other Duke alumni to create Friends of Duke University, a group critical of the university's handling of the lacrosse case. The report appears to have a faulty premise, Trumpbour says, because the committee began its work when the lacrosse team was in the cross hairs of so much outrage. "The committee report assumes all sorts of pervasive problems with class, race and gender," he says. "I don't think that reflects the common experience of most people." Alumni who post anonymously to the web site of the campus newspaper, the Chronicle, say the proposed reforms would ruin Duke. Many students worry that their party life would suffer; others want to see a more varied social scene. "As long as these recommendations are on the table, these divisions are going to fester, and in fact, they're just going to get worse," says KC Johnson, a history professor at Brooklyn College who writes a blog about the Duke case. Paula McClain, who will take office in July as chairwoman of Duke's Academic Council, the faculty governing body, says she thinks the recent report was a careful study, and she gives Duke credit for undertaking it. "The reality is the world is changing, the country is changing, and we have to change," she states. "If Duke wants to remain competitive and remain a top-notch institution, it's got to change with the times. Change is very difficult, especially for people who came through Duke years ago." Simone Randolph, vice president of the Black Student Alliance, says she thinks there have long been class and race problems on campus. "In some ways it's pervasive, and in some ways it's less overt," said Randolph, a junior from Cleveland. "Lacrosse kind of shook us up and got us to look at those polarizations within our community." Student government President Elliott Wolf, who served on the campus culture group, doesn't agree with some of the recommendations, especially the ban on large group living. He says he thinks student opposition will kill the idea. And Wolf doesn't want to see the university dilute its athletic prowess, saying Duke basketball is a powerful recruiting tool for top students."

MONDAY MARCH 5: The Duke men’s lacrosse team has reached the No. 1 ranking in the country in two polls for the first time in school history. The Blue Devils-- who had their season canceled last year amid rape allegations against three players-- receive six of 10 first-place votes in the USILA coaches poll to move past Georgetown for the top spot. The Blue Devils (3-0) also reach No. 1 in the Nike/Inside Lacrosse media poll, earning 13 of 16 first-place votes.

TUESDAY MARCH 6: The blog LieStoppers publishes the text of NC State Bar’s Amended Complaint against Mike Nifong merged with Nifong’s responses in his Feb. 28 filing (see References).

Kansas Congressman Todd Tiahrt has become the fourth and latest member of the U.S. House of Representatives (joining Walter Jones, Carolyn McCarthy, and Peter King) to demand that U.S. Attorney General Gonzales open a federal inquiry into the behavior of DA Nifong, according to a poster at LieStoppers who received a letter from Tiahrt.

WEDNESDAY MARCH 7: LieStoppers presents evidence from the transcript of a June 22, 2006 court hearing that contradicts Nifong’s claim in his most recent filing that Nifong does not remember meeting with Meehan, Gottlieb and Himan on April 10, 2006.
"As far as eight and nine, there's similar arguments I would like to make to the Court. I understand what Mr. Nifong said about eight and that is the report of a meeting on April 10th among Mr. Nifong, Investigator Himan, Sergeant Gottlieb, and Brian Meehan, and as I understand what he says, there was no discussion at all that wasn't attorney work product at that meeting." - Joe Cheshire at June 22, 2006 Hoax hearing. (Hearing transcript page 20, lines 17-24) .
"That's pretty much correct, Your Honor. We received the reports, which he has received, and we talked about how we would likely use that, and that's what we did." - Defendant Nifong responding to Cheshire's request for clarification of the Defendant's prior assertion regarding the April 10, 2006 meeting (Hearing transcript page 20, line 25 to page 21, line 3)
THURSDAY MARCH 8: KC Johnson in a blogpost “Nifong’s Continued Evasions” analyzes the Durham DA’s January 16, 2007 letter to the State Bar, published today by LieStoppers, in which Nifong attempts to defend his actions. Some excerpts:
“1). A “summary” report need not contain all test results; and, indeed, can be confined to those results that the prosecution desires to report. (…) 2.) No law enforcement official from Durham took any notes at any point during any meeting with Meehan.
“In an astonishing claim, Nifong asserts that he, Sgt. Mark Gottlieb, and Inv. Ben Himan drove to Meehan’s Burlington lab on at least two occasions, sat across the table from the lab director for over an hour in total, and that none of them ever wrote anything down about what they discussed with Meehan. Why, then, did the three of them even bother to make the trip—or is Nifong contending that all three have photographic memories, and would be able to recall the key details of the conversations months later, when the trial began? This, it seems, is the Durham Police Department’s response to North Carolina’s Open Discovery statute: since all notes now must be turned over to the defense, just don’t take any notes.
3.) Nifong used the January 16 letter to offer what was then his seventh excuse for withholding the DNA evidence.
“Nifong admits that he knew of the presence of DNA traces from multiple males. But, he told the Bar, “the specific fact that the May 12 report from DNA Securities did not contain any information about the presence of partial DNA profiles who were not members of the Duke lacrosse team (which would not be a negative result), however, failed to register with me at all at the time I received the report.” In other words, it seems the district attorney believes that state law requires disclosure of “positive” and “negative” test results, but not of test results that the D.A. and private lab directors decide between themselves are neither “positive” not “negative.” Nothing in the relevant statutes, however, seems to justify that interpretation. (…)”

The Chronicle’s Rob Copeland profiles several bloggers who have written on the lacrosse case in an article titled “The Virtual Support Team.” Among the bloggers mentioned are Mike McCusker, KC Johnson, William Anderson, LaShawn Barber and John-in-Carolina.

FRIDAY MARCH 9: A LieStoppers post “Nifong Auditions for America’s Dumbest Criminals” discusses back-tracking by Nifong in his responses to the State Bar on several points. Nifong denies that he and DNASI director Brian Meehan specifically agreed to limit the report of the DNA results, even though Meehan testified to this multiple times at the December 15, 2006 court hearing. Nifong also denies remembering the April 10, 2006 meeting with Meehan, Gottlieb and Himan, even though the other three state he was there and the meeting is mentioned in Himan’s contemporaneous case notes.

SATURDAY MARCH 10: A Los Angeles Times article by David Wharton about the lacrosse team features the first public comments by reinstated player Ryan McFadyen:
“Tall, with a straightforward manner, Ryan McFadyen does not come across as an emblem for the ills of college sports. But shortly after the infamous party, he sent an e-mail to teammates suggesting they hire more strippers, kill them and skin them. Leaked to The national media, it was the final straw prompting coach Mike Pressler's resignation and the cancellation of the season.
"Obviously I made a mistake," McFadyen now says. "A juvenile thing to do."
Speaking publicly for the first time, the junior described the e-mail as a dark joke referencing a movie, "American Psycho," he and his teammates had seen. It was also the worst thing to write at the worst possible moment. "An experience I would not wish on anyone," he said. "It's something you look back on and say I hope it made me a better person, helped me mature at a time when I needed to."”

Another article in the San Diego Union –Tribune recounts that top freshman prospect Max Quinzani “freaked out” when the Duke lacrosse team was suspended after the rape charges, that he looked into going elsewhere, but later decided to remain committed to Duke.

Duke graduate student Richard Spencer writes an on-line analysis “Rotten in Durham” in the American Conservative which critiques Duke’s academic culture. He suggests that there are two groups among the faculty—professional black activists and “tame liberals.” The first group, according to Spencer, sees the lacrosse events through a lense of alleged “secret racism” on campus while the second views the lacrosse controversy through alleged “sexual-racial oppression.” KC Johnson discusses the article, which he calls “perceptive.”

SUNDAY MARCH 11: According to Durham Police Inv. Ben Himan’s notes, Special Prosecutors Jim Coman and Mary Winstead today attempt to question second dancer Kim (Roberts) Pittman about discrepancies in accuser Crystal Mangum’s account of the lacrosse party and subsequent events. Pittman is accompanied by her lawyer, Mark Simeon. Pittman becomes visibly upset and then states that if they need her testimony and want to talk to her they would have to subpoena her.

Blogger “John-in-Carolina” continues his investigation of who was responsible for the infamous “Wanted” poster with photos of Duke lacrosse players which was put up on campus in March, 2006. He reveals that Sue Wasiolek, dean of students, and Robert Dean, chief of the Duke Police, were on the CrimeStoppers board, the organization responsible for Durham police Cpl. David Addison’s activities.
“Duke trustee chair Robert Steel needs to ask dean Wasiolek and police director Dean to explain their involvement with Durham CrimeStoppers and what, if anything, they did once they learned the "Wanted" poster was out there and endangering students and others in the community.”
KC Johnson discusses the topic in a blogpost “Addison, CrimeStoppers, and Duke.”

MONDAY MARCH 12: Mike Krzyzewski, the face of Duke athletics, was virtually silent last spring as the lacrosse case put the school and its athletic teams under scrutiny. Now the men's basketball coach says the university should have shown more support for the players. "The one thing that I wish we would have done is just out, publicly say, 'Look, those are our kids. And we're gonna support 'em, because they're still our kids.' That's what I wish we would have done," Krzyzewski tells sports commentator Bob Costas on a HBO television show. "And I'm not sure that we did -- I don't think we did a good job of that." For months, bloggers and others have criticized Duke, accusing the university of not standing behind the players as the judicial process unfolded. According to excerpts from the transcript, Krzyzewski criticizes Duke professors for their attacks on big-time sports at the university. "We had almost 100 professors come out publicly against certain things in athletics," Krzyzewski tells Costas, "and I was a little bit shocked at that. But it shows that there's a latent hostility or whatever you want to say towards sports on campus. I thought it was inappropriate, to be quite frank with you." Krzyzewski voiced similar feelings in June during his first extensive public comments about the impact of the case. He called those who used the occasion to attack athletics "very narrow-minded." "I don't think there's a latent hostility," says Paula McClain, a political science professor who has questioned the role of big-time sports programs at top-tier research universities. "The questions about athletics are not just related to Duke. I'm sorry Coach K really feels like it's hostility toward athletics and such, because most faculty really appreciate Duke athletics." Krzyzewski, who also bears the title of special assistant to the Duke president, tells Costas he did not speak out last spring because Brodhead did not ask him to do so. "I met with my college president. I told Dick Brodhead, 'If you need me ... you tell me, and then put me in a position where I'm not the basketball coach. But I am that special assistant to you,' " Krzyzewski states. "Dick Brodhead did not bring me in."

The Herald-Sun reports that former lacrosse coach Mike Pressler and Sports Illustrated magazine investigative reporter Don Yeager are cooperating on a book about the Duke lacrosse case called "It's Not About The Truth." The book, called "an explosive insider account" of the case by Pocket Books' executive Louise Burke, will be published in June by Pocket Books' Threshold Editions, an imprint of Simon & Schuster. Pressler resigned as head coach of the Duke men's lacrosse team under pressure after news first broke about the rape allegations against several members of his nationally ranked team.

Tricia Dowd, the mother of a lacrosse player, reflects on the one year anniversary of the lacrosse team party. Here is an excerpt, which was published on-line by Michael Gaynor: "As the one year anniversary of the Durham/Duke Hoax approaches, I reflect on the past year with the hope of finding the answer to one question that plagues me daily; When did the truth cease to matter? "For anyone who has followed the evidence, the truth is that there was no rape, no sexual assault and no kidnapping on the night/morning of March 13/14. The truth has become, at best, secondary to: 1. Those who want these three innocent young men punished for sins of the past. 2. Some of the gang of 88, who want to promote their own personal and political agendas. 3. Pres. Brodhead and Chairman Steele who are more concerned with Duke's image than the truth.
"Twelve months ago, Nifong, with the help of his enablers, may have been able to try and hide the truth. However, through the Herculean effort of the defense team and numerous bloggers, the truth has been painstakingly unearthed. Then why are Collin, Reade and Dave still indicted for crimes they did not commit? Why has the Gang of 88 not admitted that their judgment may have been clouded by the emotionally charged atmosphere of the time? Why have Pres. Brodhead and Chairman Steele maintained the position that canceling the lacrosse season, firing Coach Pressler and not supporting their students from day one of this travesty, was not a mistake? It seems the facts and thus the truth has fallen on deaf ears to these groups.”

TUESDAY MARCH 13: On the first anniversary of the 2006 lacrosse team party which was followed by three team members being charged with rape, the district attorney, the defense and the community are keeping relatively quiet, according to the N&O. "I think people are just ready for it to be over," Durham Mayor Bill Bell says today on the anniversary of an off-campus party in which Crystal Mangum, a 28-year-old stripper, had alleged that three players locked her in a bathroom and had then attacked her. Months later, Nifong dropped the rape charges after the accuser wavered in key details of her story. He later recused himself from the case, handing it over to special prosecutors with the North Carolina Attorney General's Office. Although the legal case still lingers at this time (special prosecutors are reviewing the evidence) Bell asserts the city and the university have moved forward in the past year. "I have do doubt in my mind this community is going to get through it," Bell says, according to WRAL. "Hopefully, we'll be better for it, and hopefully there've been lessons learned." In the past year, the number of off-campus incidents involving Duke students has dropped significantly. "The student leadership here was quite remarkable, reminding other students: Don't do stupid things," says John Burness, Duke's vice president for public affairs, Many people who live in Trinity Park -- where the alleged sexual assault occurred in the early-morning hours of March 14 -- including professor Richard Schmalbeck, say they've noticed a difference. "There've been problems with one or two late-night noise events, but it used to be something every weekend," Schmalbeck says. "It's calmed down quite a bit." Although Duke leaders don't think this one event will define the university, they're not sure what, if any kind of lasting effect it will have. "Ultimately, the test of the university and the way we're perceived will be 2 to 5 years from now when people look back and say, 'Did Duke do the right thing?'" according to VP Burness.

WEDNESDAY MARCH 14: It's been nearly a year since family friend Delores Burnette has spoken to Crystal Mangum, according to WTVD’s Tamara Gibbs. Burnette says previously the accuser would turn to her at any sign of trouble, often asking for money and spiritual guidance. That was not the case the night of the now infamous March 13th party where she claims three former Duke lacrosse players sexually assaulted her in a bathroom. “Something happened," Burnette says. "Her Daddy told me that when he saw her he knew something had happened, but when he took her to the hospital they wouldn't let him see her after that point." (…) While they have faced a media firestorm, the accuser has been silent and in hiding. "If she wanted money she would've been talking," Burnette claims. "It's just like any other rape victim and they're ashamed it happened and they usually blame themselves." Burnette also believes Mangum has remained silent because of the sordid details of her past. From a previous gang rape allegation in Creedmoor, NC to wild nights at a popular strip club in Hillsborough, Mangum has become public fodder for talk shows, websites and court motions. When the accuser was facing criminal charges for drunk driving and eluding police, she called on Burnette to testify in court on her behalf. Burnette says she encouraged the then NCCU student and mother of two to give up exotic dancing, but the allure of easy money was too hard to resist. "Her dad says she realizes that she made a mistake," Burnette reveals. "But she can overcome that mistake. Everybody makes mistakes." Regardless of her past, Burnette says the accuser deserves justice. She is convinced the young woman she has known since the age of 7 would not falsely accuse anyone of a crime. "I don't think she made it up," Burnette says. "But she probably is not in a position to stand up and say, well, ‘I don't have any reason to lie’ because of all the things she's heard too."

Michael Gaynor, in a blogpost, debunks the myth that the lacrosse players were “bad actors,” as suggested in off-the-record comments by Duke officials, including VP John Burness:
“1) In the six most recent academic years ending in 2006, there were a total of 377 reported incidents of academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) by all students. Of these, 58 were eventually dropped and 28 were adjudicated and the students found not responsible, leaving 291 incidents of academic dishonesty. NONE were lacrosse players.
(2) In the six years ending in 2006, there were a total of 46 reported incidents of physical abuse, fighting and endangerment, including 3 findings of not responsible. NONE involved lacrosse players. (3) In the six years ending in 2006, there were 20 incidents of sexual misconduct, including 14 findings of not responsible. NONE were lacrosse players. (4) In the six years ending in 2006, there were 96 incidents of drug related misconduct, including 2 findings of not responsible. Only one was a lacrosse player (smoking marijuana in his room in 2001 and he was not a member of the 2005-2006 team). (5) In the three years ending in 2006, there were 171 alcohol related medical calls to DUPD/EMS. NONE were lacrosse players. (It's likely that these are the most serious, and dangerous, alcohol related violations.) (6) About 60% of the lacrosse players, based on last year's team, had GPA's of 3.0 or higher. (7) The lacrosse players have a 100% graduation rate.”

THURSDAY MARCH 15: North Carolina Attorney General Roy Cooper spends 23 minutes today at the house on Buchanan Boulevard where Crystal Mangum said she was gang-raped by members of the Duke lacrosse team. Special prosecutors Jim Coman and Mary Winstead also visit the now-vacant house, which is across the street from Duke's East Campus. They are accompanied by other investigators. The prosecutors spent part of the time in the backyard, taking some measurements between the back door and a rusty fence. Cooper and the prosecutors did not comment on their visit as they left the Buchanan Boulevard property in a Ford Explorer.

For the first time former Duke men's lacrosse coach Mike Pressler speaks out about allegations and the criminal investigation against his three former players. Pressler says he has always believed the players -- David Evans, Collin Finnerty and Reade Seligmann -- were innocent of sexual assault charges. "The evidence is coming out, daily, if not weekly. The world is seeing things that we knew early on in March," Pressler says in an interview on the Fox News show "America's Newsroom with Bill Hemmer and Megyn Kelly," where he was promoting an upcoming book on the matter. "We remained silent for that period of time because we believe in those two words -- the truth," Pressler says. He also asserts that he made it a point to punish players whenever they stepped out of line, but the party was not one of those circumstances.

The Independent Women's Forum, a Washington D.C. based, non-partisan, non-profit organization hosts a panel this evening to discuss DA Nifong, the media coverage, and the role of Duke University professors in the lacrosse controversy. Panelists include Stuart Taylor Jr., columnist for National Journal magazine and Christina Hoff Sommers, author of Who Stole Feminism? and The War against Boys. IWF's Allison Kasic, who was featured on the cover of the New York Times Magazine in May 2003 as one of the top student activists in the country, rounds out the panel. CNN legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin moderates.

FRIDAY MARCH 16: WTVD reports that a spokesperson for Atty. Gen. Roy Cooper's office confirms no decision has been made yet in the Duke lacrosse case, but the investigation will wrap up in the next few weeks. Spokeswoman Jennifer Canada says the Attorney General office has begun discussions on how and when it will announce whether to proceed with the case. There will likely be a news conference once a final decision is made.

ABC News reports that Crystal Mangum is not being forthcoming with special prosecutors, according to law enforcement sources close to the case. The accuser has met at least twice with prosecutors from the North Carolina attorney general's office, which took over the case from Durham DA Nifong in January. In those interviews she gave incomplete answers when asked about the events surrounding the alleged assault, sources say. The attorney general's office later issues the following statement to ABC News: "In discussions with our attorneys, the accuser has been cooperative in answering questions and providing information. More discussions are scheduled." The same law enforcement sources also say, however, that Kim Roberts, the second dancer who attended the March 2006 party, has also refused to speak with investigators and has said she would do so only if subpoenaed.

Lawyers for DA Nifong, continuing to push for dismissal of part of the State Bar's ethics complaint, file briefs today to meet a deadline set by the Disciplinary Hearing Commission, which acts as judge in the bar's case against Nifong. KC Johnson offers this summary of Nifong’s lawyers’ arguments in the 15 page brief: “ 1) Nifong’s actions didn’t violate the Brady rule. 2.) Nifong’s actions didn’t violate the Open Discovery statute, because the defense received the relevant information before a trial occurred; and, in any case, Nifong turned over everything he had. 3.) Neither Nifong nor any other law enforcement official was required to produce notes of their discussions with Dr. Meehan; therefore, their failure to do so wasn’t an ethics violation. 4.) Nifong didn’t violate the North Carolina law requiring that the subjects of a Non-Testimonial order be supplied with a copy of reports of the test results from the NTO because . . . well, because Nifong says so.”

In a filing the same day, the State Bar issues its own rebuke of the Nifong’s arguments. Katherine E. Jean, Carmen K. Hoyme and Douglas J. Brocker, lawyers representing the bar, argue that Nifong intentionally withheld evidence favorable to the defense and then lied about it to the court and bar: "In his motion to dismiss, Nifong urges the DHC to undertake statutory construction, interpretation of case law, and semantic hair-splitting. These are not appropriate tasks for the tribunal." David Freedman and Dudley Witt, the Winston-Salem lawyers representing Nifong, argue that defense lawyers received a DNA report and the underlying data well before any trial. "That Nifong disclosed both the report and the underlying data later than the Duke defendants would have preferred does not turn Nifong's disclosure, or failure to make what the defendants would consider timely disclosure, into a constitutional violation," they write. "It was apparent to both sides that all the underlying data had not been turned over," Freedman says Monday during a telephone interview. The Nifong lawyers also argue that neither state law nor court orders required Nifong to write a report of what he was told by the head of a private lab that did the DNA testing. "It would be our contention that the State Bar is trying to create requirements that are not required by the constitution," Freedman says. Lawyers for the bar argue otherwise. The State Bar has said that Nifong first learned of DNA results favorable to the accused April 10 but instructed Brian Meehan, director of DNA Security, the lab that did the testing, not to list those results on a written report. The bar says Nifong never gave the players a complete report, as required by the State Bar and state law. Defense lawyers repeatedly asked for the information. Nifong turned over more than 1,844 pages of raw data only after a judge ordered him to do so. Attorneys for the bar state that did not constitute a report, in part because Nifong did not provide information about conversations that he had with Meehan. In September, Nifong told the court that a 10-page DNA report issued earlier encompassed all tests done by the private lab and everything discussed at meetings in April and May. Contrary to what Nifong told the court, defense lawyers were not aware at the time that lab tests had turned up DNA from four men not on the lacrosse team.

Prof. KC Johnson publishes a copy of the CrimeStoppers poster prepared by Durham Police Cpl. David Addison and distributed in the community on March 8, 2006. The “Wanted” poster asserts in part: “The victim was sodomized, raped, assaulted and robbed. This horrific crime sent shock waves throughout our community.” LieStoppers illustrates both the CrimeStoppers poster and a different poster with pictures of many of the lacrosse team members which has been called the “Vigilante” poster. John-in-Carolina writes about Duke’s reponse :
“The “Wanted” and “Vigilante” posters were false, inflammatory and endangered the players and other students who might be the unintended victims of acts by unstable people and hate groups targeting the players. But Duke's never said that during the past year. So for example, when faculty-members, students and others swarmed about the West Campus lawn in front of Brodhead's office and on the Chapel steps the night of March 29 waving “Wanted” and “Vigilante” posters and targeting the players with threats, Brodhead and apparently no other Duke administrator said anything condemning those targeting the players and endangering their safety and that of others.”

SUNDAY MARCH 18: KC Johnson begins a series of blogposts about the “worst of the case;” this installment lists what he considers the “worst” of the op-ed pieces or editorials about the Duke lacrosse case. He critically comments on writings by Steve Ford of the N&O, Eugene Robinson of the Washington Post, more than 20 Herald-Sun editorials, Marc Fisher in the Washington Post, Selena Roberts in the New York Times, Josh Perlin in the Cornell Daily Sun, Hal Crowther in Indy, Amanda Marcotte in Pandago, Harvey Araton in the New York Times, and Andrew Cohen of the Washington Post.

MONDAY MARCH 19: Prof. William Anderson writes a blogpost “Duke and the Death of Academe, Part II: Faculty Members As Mafiosi” in which he charges that the demands of “identity studies” faculty, such as requiring students to take their courses, are “protection rackets.”

Blogger KC Johnson continues his series of what he considers the “worst” news articles about the lacrosse case. He especially scorns three articles: John Stevenson’s “Lawyers Haggle Over DNA Matches from the Herald Sun, Aug 1, 2006; Samiha Khana and Anne Blythe’s “Dancer Gives Details of Ordeal” from the N&0, March 25, 2006; and Duff Wilson and Jonathan Slater’s “Files from Duke Rape Case Give Details But No Answers” from the New York Times, Aug. 25, 2006.

TUESDAY MARCH 20: DA Nifong is now scheduled to go before the State Bar Disciplinary Hearing Commission on June 12, according to an order issued today by F. Lane Williamson, chairman of the commission that will sit as judge. The State Bar has charged Nifong with violations of ethical and professional conduct over his handling of the Duke lacrosse case. If convicted, Nifong could lose his law license. Nifong handed the case over to special prosecutors in the state Attorney General's Office in January, citing a conflict of interest because of the State Bar charges against him. In his scheduling order, Williamson sets several deadlines: The bar must submit its expert witness list by April 15. Nifong must list whom he will call as expert witnesses by May 1. By May 30, the lawyers are to meet for a prehearing conference.

The Boston Globe runs a feature by Jackie MacMullan about former Duke lacrosse coach Mike Pressler and his wife Sue as they prepare to move to Rhode Island where Mike Pressler will coach the Bryant Bulldogs. As part of an extensive interview with both, Sue Pressler explains: “Mike’s been sad from the beginning. Not about the tangible stuff, like losing his job or having his reputation questioned. The sad part is his kids [the Duke lacrosse team] were taken away from him, and he was taken away from them.”

In his “Durham in Wonderland” blog, KC Johnson summarizes the “worst” case-related publications of Duke faculty. He criticizes works by professors Orin Starn, Mark Anthony Neal, William Chafe, Elizabeth Chin, Wahneema Lubiano, Houston Baker, Cathy Davidson, Karla Holloway, and Grant Farred.

WEDNESDAY MARCH 21: Linda Fairstein, former head of the Manhattan District Attorney's Sex Crimes Unit and a leading expert on sex crimes, tells ABC News that she would be shocked if the Duke lacrosse case went forward. Fairstein points to serious flaws in the investigation and in the evidence that has surfaced to date. "If a prosecutor were to take this to court, given all the changes in the accuser's story, I don't think there is a crime for which these young men could be convicted," says Fairstein. In the accuser's retelling of the incident, recorded by investigators and hospital personnel in the weeks after the party, Mangum revises substantive details of the alleged incident, including the number of assailants and what they did during the attack. Fairstein finds it unusual for an accuser's story to change as much as far into the process as it did in this case. Some changes in a victim's story are not uncommon "within a day or two of the attack," says Fairstein. As of March 16, 2007, Mangum had not yet told that story to special prosecutors investigating the case. Fairstein believes her reticence was another sign of a weak case. "Her reluctance at this stage isn't a sign that she's not sure what happened -- it's a red flag that there are things wrong with the story." For Fairstein, DA Nifong's biggest mistake in his handling of the case has been a lack of tough questions — and a lack of effort to ask them. Nifong's first known meeting with the accuser was at least nine months after her initial accusations. "There's no excuse for the way this prosecution has proceeded," she states. "The shocking aspect of that to me is that Nifong only met with her once or twice. He himself had not done a sit down interview once he learned that the initial allegations seemed to be inconsistent."

Duke University has received a $5 million donation for student scholarships and summer fellowships, with part of the money going to scholarships for lacrosse players. The gift, from the Crown family in Chicago, provides $4 million for need-based undergraduate scholarships, $750,000 for undergraduate summer fellowships and $250,000 for athletic scholarships. The university will establish the Crown Family Lacrosse Scholarship to support male and female players who demonstrate academic and leadership qualities, including service. Keat Crown, the Duke Annual Fund's national chairman of young alumni leadership giving, is a former co-captain of the men's lacrosse team. He graduated from Duke in 2000.

THURSDAY MARCH 22: Faculty could have more say over athletics at Duke under a reorganization of a panel that oversees athletics policy. President Brodhead is reviewing the changes today with the Academic Council, the major faculty governing body. He is also announcing the creation of a new position -- a dean to oversee undergraduate life inside and outside the classroom. The changes are the latest fallout from the lacrosse scandal that has dogged Duke for the past year. Faculty representatives will increase from five to eight on the Athletic Council, a longstanding body of more than 30 professors, administrators, alumni, trustees, athletics officials and students. Within that group, an academic subcommittee of professors will focus on issues of sports and academics. And the head of the Athletic Council will now be a different professor from the one who serves as the university's official faculty athletics representative to the Atlantic Coast Conference and the NCAA. Roy Weintraub, economics professor and chairman of the review panel, says he is happy with the outcome even though Brodhead didn't exactly follow the group's recommendations. An Athletic Council beefed up with more faculty will push for more serious deliberation, he says. "The agenda for the council will be much less show and tell," Weintraub states.

FRIDAY MARCH 23: Fox News reports that the remaining charges will be dropped against indicted lacrosse players David Evans, Colin Finnerty and Reade Seligmann in the next few days. Fox quotes Inside Lacrosse writer Paul Caulfield: “There is no case here and they will be hearing a dismissal in the coming days." Several local media outlets report heightened anticipation of a conclusion to the case. However, Attorney General Roy Cooper's office is refuting that claim. "We don't expect to make an announcement tomorrow," says spokeswoman Noelle Talley. "Our review of the case, including reviewing documents and conducting interviews, is continuing.

According to BriAnne Dopart of the Herald-Sun, as reports spread that the lacrosse case is drawing to a conclusion, the accuser's parents hint that their daughter Crystal Mangum may welcome the charges being dropped. "She had told me once before she was tired of it and she wished she could just get it over with," the accuser's father says. "She hates that she ever reported it." While he still believes wholeheartedly his daughter was brutally raped and assaulted on the night of March 13, 2006 -- he recalls in vivid detail what he claims were his daughter's swollen eyes and cut arms -- he says his daughter has at least once mentioned regrets about having ever made the accusations in the first place… The accuser's father says he didn't understand why or how his daughter's case evolved into the media frenzy it became early last spring, but speculated that it was because, "Duke tried to cover it up." He has tried to follow the case, he states, but didn't understand why the rape charges were dropped and why the others might eventually be dropped.

In the New York Post, John Podhoretz writes about the upcoming fate of those involved in the Duke lacrosse case in a column “Duke: Who Won’t Pay:”
'Yet some of the most disgraceful actors in this case will go unpunished. I'm referring to a huge cohort of the professors at the top-flight university attended by the three unjustly accused men. Some 88 of them - more than 10 percent of the entire Duke professoriat - engaged in a shocking rush to judgment in the weeks following the party where the accuser falsely alleged she had been raped. They signed an ad declaring they were "turning up the volume at a moment when some of the most vulnerable among us are being asked to quiet down." Their shameful conduct helped create the lynch-mob atmosphere that tempted and seduced DA Nifong to believe he could ride an indictment of the three young men to political victory in the Democratic primary that took place only weeks after he charged them. It is not too much to say that many of the adults at Duke, who should be stewards for their students, actually wanted the false rape story to be true because it fulfilled their ideological predilections. Since the academic work of those who organized the ad centers around the notion that the white male power structure subjugates and violates all those who are neither white nor male, the case was actually a dream come true for them."

SATURDAY MARCH 24: In response to a letter from LieStopper blogger “sceptical,” Sen. Barack Obama, candidate for the Democratic Presidential nomination, indicates that he supports the call for a US Department of Justice inquiry into allegations of civil rights violations committed by DA Nifong in the Duke lacrosse case. Senator Obama writes:
"Thank you for contacting me. I appreciate you taking the time to share your perspective on the Duke Rape Case and ongoing investigations of District Attorney Michael Nifong's handling of the case."
."Congressman Walter Jones has asked Attorney General Alberto Gonzales to initiate a federal inquiry into Mr. Nifong's prosecution of three Duke University student athletes accused of an alleged sexual attack on a woman at a party earlier this year. Specifically, Rep. Jones asked the Attorney General to review new evidence that Mr. Nifong withehld exculpatory DNA results from the defendants in order to determine if his conduct has illegally denied the students their civil rights as U.S. citizens under federal law. This independent inquiry is needed, and I will be following its progress closely."

KC Johnson in his “Durham in Wonderland” blog publishes for the first time the photograph of Crystal Mangum taken on March 16, 2006 by Durham policeman R.A. Reid just 2 days after the lacrosse team party. The image shows no signs of injury, contradicting reports of swollen eyes, bruises, or a “choke hold.” The photo was taken during Sgt. Mark Gottlieb’s first interview with the accuser. SANE Kathleen Eckelt in her “Forensics Talk” blog discusses the photos in light of what injuries one might expect two days after a violent sexual assault.

SUNDAY MARCH 25: J. Kirk Osborn, the prominent Chapel Hill lawyer who was an early outspoken defender of the Duke lacrosse players, has died. Osborn, 64, suffered a heart attack Friday, says Tania Osborn, his wife. He died at 12:47 a.m. today. While many remember Osborn for his role in defending Reade Seligmann, Osborn's wife says that he would have been most proud of the fact that in a dozen or more capital trials, he never had a client sent to death row. "He hated injustice. That was the essence of his life," says Ernest "Buddy" Conner, a Greenville lawyer and friend of Osborn. "He carried a tremendous amount of credibility, but he did it without getting all angry and aggressive and arrogant." In 2006, Osborn became an attorney for Seligmann, charged with sexually assaulting a stripper during a Duke lacrosse team party. DA Nifong assured the public that a rape had occurred and that the accuser could identify her attackers. It was a packet of pages Osborn and Conner filed that helped turn the tide. The documents showed that despite Nifong's assurances, Seligmann was almost a mile away when the accuser said Seligmann was participating in a rape. In a statement, the Seligmann family says they are heartbroken by Osborn's death. "Kirk stood up for Reade at great personal cost," the statement reads. "He passionately believed that the truth would emerge."

ABC News’ Law & Justice Unit reports nationally on the letter from Sen. Barack Obama supporting a call for an investigation of whether DA Nifong’s actions in the Duke lacrosse case violated the civil rights of the students. The ABC report was also picked up by the Associated Press and Drudge. According to ABC News: “Obama's comments were first posted on "Liestoppers," an online blog and forum on the Duke Lacrosse case. The user who posted them, known on that forum by the alias "sceptical," was the constituent who corresponded with Obama about the case.”

Selena Robert of the New York Times continues her smear campaign against the Duke lacrosse team despite increasing indications that lack of evidence will lead to dismissal of sexual assault charges. She writes:
“What happens if all charges are sacked? There is a tendency to conflate the alleged crime at the Duke lacrosse team kegger on March 13, 2006, with the irrefutable culture of misogyny, racial animus and athlete entitlement that went unrestrained that night. Some readers argue no one would have known about the lacrosse team's misogyny bash last year if not for the initial rape charges by the hired dancer. True, but that's how we often discover what goes on behind the curtains: by a botched break-in, through a door left ajar. Duke officials didn't ignore the unearthing. Even as the case changed before them, they rightly underwent a self-inspection of their campus pathology and athletic society. Among the findings: too much student drinking, too many cliques, too much athlete isolationism. What's new? Nothing really. But the opportunity to change this chronic campus dynamic is up to Duke. For now, administrators and faculty members seem earnest in giving it a college try. A case dismissal doesn't mean forget everything. Amnesia would be a poor defense to the next act of athlete privilege. “

Blogger “John-in-Carolina” marks the one year anniversary of the notorious N&O article “Dancer Gives Details of Ordeal” by recounting how the article ignited the lacrosse controversy : “The N&O published on March 25, 2006, a racially charged story from which it withheld critically important information and reported what it knew was false information about a young black woman who’d been brutally beaten, gang-raped, robbed and strangled over a thirty minute period by three white Duke lacrosse players; after which the white gang-rapists’ white teammates covered up for them by refusing to tell police who they were.”

MONDAY MARCH 26: Governors would have the power to suspend district attorneys facing disciplinary hearings by the N.C. State Bar under a bill proposed by state Sen. Dan Clodfelter, a Democrat from Charlotte. Under the bill, a governor could suspend a district attorney if a formal misconduct complaint had been made to the State Bar, the organization that disciplines lawyers, and if the Bar had found reason to proceed with a hearing. If the governor chose to suspend a district attorney, the state attorney general would be able to appoint a special prosecutor to fill in until the Bar hearing was complete. Under such a bill, DA Nifong could have been suspended while awaiting his trial before the Bar's Disciplinary Hearing Commission. Nifong, charged with ethical and professional conduct violations, is scheduled to go before the Bar panel in June.

In a column titled “The Crawl of Justice” in the Chronicle, Stephen Miller calls for criminal charges against DA Nifong and accuser Crystal Mangum. He also writes:
“Duke University also needs a new president. When students needed him, President Brodhead was not there. When the lacrosse team needed him to correct damning public confusions and misperceptions, he didn't step up. When Nifong's conduct began drawing fierce criticism from all directions, our president's head was still buried in the sand. When his own professors launched attacks in and out of the classroom against our peers, he neither made an effort to rein them in nor come to the students' defense. At the very least, I don't think any of us can reasonably deny that there are better university presidents to be found out there. So let's find one.”

WEDNESDAY MARCH 28: In a major article, LieStoppers marks the first anniversary of the start of the alleged “rape hoax” by recounting the events surrounding March 28, 2006, the date when the blog asserts a frame-up originated:
“The deceptions of March 28, 2006, inflamed the community, while providing temporary cover for the absence of DNA and other evidence. The multiple misrepresentations from the day Nifong sold his soul included: the release of the 911 tapes (under the false pretext that the identity of the caller was unknown and was someone in addition to the two dancers who attended the lacrosse party), the start of Durham Police Corporal David Addison’s “horrific” CrimeStoppers e-mail newsgroup fiesta, the creation and distribution of the civil-suit-inviting Durham Police Department Wanted flyer, the start of the “DNA is a junk science” campaign (in apparent response to that day’s SBI testing, which failed to reveal the presence of any semen, blood, or saliva in the rape kit), and the continuation of the Wall of Silence Hoax begun by Hoax Spokesman David Addison the previous weekend.”

Prof. Bill Anderson summarizes the lack of evidence in the Duke lacrosse case in a blogpost titled “Michael B. Nifong and the Lies of the State.
” I will repeat what I said earlier: the police and prosecutors knew that nothing had occurred, and that this case was a lie. Yet, not only did they hide evidence, something that came to light at the "tipping point" hearing on December 15, 2006, but they also faked evidence in their reports, claiming that Mangum had injuries that clearly she did not have. Because police reports are considered evidence in the investigation of a crime, we have a number of instances in which police wrote false statements in their reports, which is no different than "planting evidence" at the scene of the crime.”

THURSDAY MARCH 29: Inv. Ben Himan and Officer Gwen Sutton of the Durham Police transport accuser Crystal Mangum to a meeting with Special Prosecutors Jim Coman, Mary Winstead, and others, according to Himan’s notes. The notes do not reveal what transpired at the meeting.

Black North Carolina journalist Cash Michaels writes an article “Obama blasted for backing fed Duke case” in the Amsterdam News:
Is presidential hopeful Sen. Barack Obama’s backing for a federal "independent inquiry" into the Duke alleged sexual assault case a genuine concern that the civil rights of the defendants may have been violated or just simple political pandering to secure more broad-based support for his campaign?
At least one legal expert has chastised the Black Illinois Democrat, saying, "Having a federal civil rights investigation [in this case] is such a joke." Another legal scholar added that Obama's statement "doesn't mean much" if he's "stating a position without a valid examination." ... "I heard about the statement by Obama," said North Carolina Central University School of Law Professor Irving Joyner. "I don't think that it means much within the scope of things other than his stating a position without a valid examination." Attorney Wendy Murphy, a former sex crimes prosecutor and currently an adjunct law professor at the New England School of Law, stated, "Barack Obama's support for a federal inquiry makes me wonder whether he understands these difficult issues. It doesn't appear that he does, and I'm very concerned that he doesn't seem to care one whit about the treatment of the victim, the violation of her civil rights or maybe most important of all, that this case is being described as a 'fraud,' etc. by lawyers & officers of the court who are ethically obligated not to lie or mislead the public." Atty. Murphy continued, "At a minimum, Obama should call for a full disclosure of all the facts before anyone passes judgment on this case."

In two blogposts titled “Remembering the Good” Prof. KC Johnson discusses some of the individuals and media outlets “to remember some of the best work of the case.” Johnson praises Duke Law Prof. James Coleman, reporter Joe Neff of the N&0, commentators Jason Whitlock, Stuart Taylor, David Brooks, Nicholas Kristof, and also Susan Estrich and N& O columnist Ruth Sheehan for their turn arounds on the issue. He also lauds Duke students Kristin Butler and Stephen Miller for their columns, Duke student government president Eliot Wolf, and the group Duke Students for an Ethical Durham. Johnson praises the efforts of Duke faculty Steven Baldwin and Michael Gustafson, women’s lacrosse coach Kertsin Kimmel, and 19 faculty from the Economics Department who signed a petition welcoming the lacrosse players. Finally, he gives credit to political activists Beth Brewer and Jackie Brown, as well as Rep. Walter Jones and Sen. Barack Obama, who supports Jones’ call for a federal investigation into DA Nifong’s actions.

SATURDAY MARCH 31: The N&O’s Anne Blythe reports on changes in town-gown relationships in the Trinity Park area one year after the lacrosse team party there:
“… Since the infamous spring break bash on the edge of Duke's East Campus in March 2006, there is a different tenor in the Trinity Park neighborhood where Weeks and other students co-exist with year-round residents. "I have to say, it's been pretty quiet on the party front," said Alice Bumgarner, president of the neighborhood association's board of directors. (…) At the time of the gang-rape allegations, many in Trinity Park were at their wits' end with raucous and boorish Duke students displaying increasingly recalcitrant and mocking attitudes. Drunken partiers urinated on neighbors' houses. Music blared at all hours. Trinity Park lawns were littered with beer bottles and huge plastic cups. The commotion often jolted neighbors awake well past midnight. "I haven't been up at two o'clock in the morning in a while," said Frank Crigler, a Trinity Park resident who lived within earshot of many of the rowdy parties. In the neighborhood and at Duke, many speculate that the legal fallout from the lacrosse team party has had a quieting effect on some of the louder and brasher partiers. But a major husher was Duke's purchase a year ago of 15 properties where fraternity-style keggers had been routine weekend events. One of those was the single-story house at 610 N. Buchanan Blvd. that three lacrosse team captains shared last spring. "The response by Duke to take the houses off the fraternity market has been a major factor," Crigler said. During the summer and fall of 2006, according to Duke officials, there was an 85 percent drop in the number of off-campus cases that went through the campus office of judicial affairs.


March 1: KC Johnson on Mike Nifong’s defenses against State Bar charges





March 1: Column in Cornell Daily Sun: “Seligmann Not Worth Hassle”


March 2: Nifong’s responses to State Bar analyzed







March 4: N&O analysis of Campus Cultural Initiative Report



March 5: Duke lacrosse team named number one in U.S.


March 6: LieStoppers publishes State Bar complaint merged with Nifong replies



March 6: Kansas congressman calls for federal investigation of Nifong


March 7: LieStoppers presents evidence that Nifong remembered April 10 meeting


March 8: KC Johnson’s analysis of Nifong’s January 16, 2007 letter to the State Bar



March 8: Chonicle on bloggers in lacrosse case


March 9: LieStoppers on Nifong’s backtracking on key points



March 10: LA Times article features Ryan McFadyen’s first public comments


March 10: Top frosh prospect Max Quinzani “freaked out” when team suspended


March 10: Duke grad student on intellectual origins of “Group of 88”



March 11: Special Prosecutors attempt to question Kim (Roberts) Pittman


March 11: Sue Wasiolek and Robert Dean were on CrimeStoppers board




March 12: Coach K regrets lack of support for lacrosse players, hostility to athletics




March 12: Lacrosse mother Tricia Dowd on one year anniversary of lacrosse case



March 13: One year Anniversary of Lacrosse Party



March 14: Friend of Mangum family speaks out, says “something happened”


March 14: Michael Gaynor debunks myth that lacrosse players were “bad actors”


March 15: Prosecutors, Atty. Gen. Cooper tour “lacrosse house”





March 15: Mike Pressler speaks out for first time in interview



March 15: IWF forum on case in Washington, D.C.


March 16: Investigation of lacrosse case wrapping up, spokesman says


March 16: ABC report: Mangum not answering prosecutor’s questions



March 16: Nifong lawyers file motion to dismiss ethics charges



March 16: State Bar lawyers respond to Nifong





March 16: Copy of Cpl. Addison’s CrimeStopper poster is published






March 18: KC Johnson on “worst” editorial and op-ed pieces about Duke lacrosse case


March 19: Anderson on “identity studies” faculty as “Mafiosi”


March 19: KC Johnson on “worst” news articles about Duke lacrosse case


March 20: State Bar sets trial date for Nifong in June



March 20: Boston Globe interviews Mike and Sue Pressler


March 20: KC Johnson on worst case-related publications of Duke faculty


March 21: Former sex crimes prosecutor tell ABC Nifong’s case is weak




March 21: Crown family establishes lacrosse scholarships



March 22: Athletic Council reorganized


March 23: Fox News reports charges to be dropped; AG office says not yet






March 23: Herald-Sun reports Mangum would welcome end of case, according to father



March 23: John Podhoretz’ New York Post column about Duke faculty
March 24: LieStoppers reveals Obama supports calls for investigation of Nifong


March 24: Photo of Mangum 2 days after party shows no bruises or swollen eyes




March 25: Kirk Osborne, attorney for Reade Seligmann, dies of heart attack







March 25: ABC News reports on Obama letter calling for Nifong investigation







March 25: New York Times’ Selena Roberts continues slurs on lacrosse team






March 25: “John-in-Carolina” marks first anniversary of inflammatory N&O article


March 26: Bill introduced to allow suspension of accused NC district attorneys


March 26: Stephen Miller on justice in lacrosse case


March 28: LieStoppers on the events of March 28, 2006


March 28: Cash Michaels on Obama call for Nifong investigation by feds



March 28: Anderson details lack of evidence in lacrosse case


March 29: Crystal Mangum meets with Special Prosecutors


March 29: KC Johnson praises some individuals, media for lacrosse coverage



March 31: Changes in student behavior in Trinity Park neighborhood



(The Duke lacrosse case article indices in the Raleigh News & Observer and the Duke Chronicle have been taken down following website revisions. Articles can still be found using the search feature of the new websites.)




Duke University & Brodhead Statements

Duke University Archive of Media Coverage

Johnsville Blog Posts

WRAL Stories

KC Johnson’s Case Narrative

Chronology by Vance Holmes “Poetic Justice”

CBS News Chronology

AP Chronology

Wikipedia Timeline

Friends of Duke University Media Index


New York Times Article Index


Updated Chronology of Duke Lacrosse Case

March, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/1827748/1/

April, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/1976244/1/

May, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/2832366/1/

June, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/3225687/1/#new

July, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/3521836/1/#new

August, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/3710704/1/#new

September, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/3831060/1/#new

October, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/3993889/1/#new

November, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/4065500/1/#new

December, 2006: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/4162309/1/#new

January, 2007: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/4243432/2/#new

February, 2007: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/4512633/1/#new

March, 2007: http://s1.zetaboards.com/Liestoppers_meeting/topic/4702968/1/#new